Where are we now in the fight against AIDS and what is there left to do?
The world is making progress in tackling the AIDS epidemic, but there is still no cure yet. We have not cured AIDS yet. There are effective antiretroviral therapies that keep the amount of the HIV in the body at very low levels that prevents onward spread of the virus, but at the moment there is still no cure.
People who are HIV-positive now have life expectancy that is getting closer to that of HIV-negative people, but it is still not equal. In the US in 2011, HIV-positive people lived on average 13 years less than HIV-negative people.
The hunt for a cure is still on. A large clinical trial for a HIV vaccine began in early November in South Africa.
The UN has pledged to end AIDS by 2030 – but it will be a tough road!
A UN political declaration in June saw countries agreeing to work to end the AIDS epidemic by 2030. The declaration commits countries to working to:
However, lack of funding for research on HIV and AIDS poses a major barrier to meeting these targets.
AIDS and HIV in numbers:
Preventative treatment is becoming available in more countries
Pre-exposure prophylaxis – or PrEP – is an effective preventative treatment for HIV. If taken correctly it can reduce the risk of infection by 90%.;
In the UK, PrEP became free on the NHS after a legal battle in which the NHS argued that it would be too expensive to provide;
Gay men are still suffering disproportionately from AIDS;
Globally, gay men and other men who have sex with men are more likely than anyone else to be diagnosed with HIV infection. Men who have sex with men are 19 times more likely to be HIV-positive.